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Berg


Sub-farms: Hagin, Stangstuen, Gravadalen, Lushattstølen, Bergaslette, Bergseng, Ringsrud and Bergtun

Berg is one of the oldest farms in Etnedal. Historians believe that settlement could have started here as early as 400-500 AD. In 1349 the "Black Death" found its way to Berg and the farm was wiped out. It appears that there wasn't a settlement again until the end of the 1600s. Up until the 17th century the farm was part of Fjell, but later became its own farm.

Then in the 1780's there were four Berg Farms: Nørre Øvre-Berg, Sørre Øvre-Berg, Midt-Berg and Nord Berg. The first settler was Engebret Berg. He had children Ole born 1692, Maren 1697, Berte born 1702 and Torsten born 1704.

One owner, Svein Pederson Berg, was a very industrious man and in the 1860s built a skyss-stasjon, or coaching inn* as it is called in English. He called this place Gravadalen Skyss-stasjon, because it was built on the sub-farm called Gravdalen. Today this area is known as Tonsåsen.

Later on Svein started building a Sanatorium, or health center, at the same place. In its hey-day there were eleven buildings connected to the sanatorium and traffic was quite high. It was therefore no wonder that the decision was made to build a train station at Tonåsen when they built the railway from Oslo to Fagernes in the late 1800s. This then became known as the Tonåsen train station.

Svein Pederson needed a large labor force for his construction projects and for servicing the guests at the Sanatorium and therefore turned to his cousins who were living on the Granum farm. After a few years of prosperity, the economy turned sour and Svein was forced to sell. It was at this time, in the 1880s, that the Siewers family took over.


* Coaching Inn (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coaching_inn)

In Europe, from approximately the mid-seventeenth century for a period of about 200 years, the coaching inn, sometimes called a staging inn, was a vital part of the inland transport infrastructure. Although many survive, and some still offer overnight accommodation, in general they have lost their original function and now fulfill much the same function as ordinary pubs.

Coaching inns stabled teams of horses for stagecoaches and mail coaches and replaced tired teams with fresh teams. Traditionally they were seven miles apart but this depended very much on the terrain. Some English towns had as many as ten such inns and rivalry between them was intense, not only for the income from the stagecoach operators but for the revenue for food and drink supplied to the wealthy passengers. Barnet, Hertfordshire was one such location and even today boasts an unusually high number of historic pubs along its high street due to its former position on the main road from London to the North of England.

 

Source: Gard og Bygde i Etnedal Book C, page 174

 

 

 

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